Adjectives and numerals
1 Positive degree
This basic form of the adjectives has no ending, ex: light, big, fine
2 Comparative degree
The comparative is used in comparison of two objects about the object with the stronger degree of some property.
It is also used in comparison of several objects to show that an object has more of some property than others, but still is not the object that has the most of the property.
The comparative form of the adjectives has the ending -er, ex: light-lighter
For one-syllbic adjectives with short vowel, the last consonant of the stem is dobbled, ex: big-bigger
If the adjective ends in e, just add -r, ex: fine-finer.
For long adjective you usually make the comparative by placing "more" in front of it, ex: more handsome.
Examples: Father is taller than mother. Father is the taller one.
3 Superlative degree
The superaltive is used in comparison of more than two objects, about the object with the strongest degree of a property.
The superlative form of the adjectives has the ending -est (pronounced ist), ex: light-lightest.
For one-syllabic adjectives with short vowel, the last consonant of the stem is dobbled, ex: big-biggest.
If the adjective ends in -e, just add -st, Ex: fine-finest.
For long adjective you usually make the superlative by placing "most" in front of it, ex: most handsome.
Examples: Father is the tallest person in our family.
4 Irregular adjectives
Some adjectives have irregular comparative and superlative forms:
bad /ill - worse - worst , good - better - best
5 Adjectives used as nouns
Adjectives can be used as nouns if you place the word "one" after it in the singular, and "ones" in the plural.
Examples: A small one. Good ones. The small one. The good ones. This shirt is too big, do you have a smaller one? He is the worst one. I have too brothers, Jack is the younger one. These sockets are to small, do you have two bigger ones?
6 Cardinal numbers
Cardinal numbers are used in counting and measuring items.
The first twenty cardinals are: One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, eighteen, niteteen, twenty
The tennumbers are: 10 -ten, 20 - twenty, 30 - thirty, 40 - fourty, 50 - fifty, 60 - sixty, 70 - seventy, 80 -eighty, 90 - ninety
The big numbers are: 100 - one hundred, 1000 - one thousand, 1,000,000 - one million, 1,000,000,000 - one billion.
When composing more complex numbers, use the following pattern, but omit what you do not need in the formula:
Number of thousands - "thousand(s)" - Number of hundreds - "hundred(s)" - "and" - tennumber - onenumber
Examples: 356 - three hundreds and fifty-six, 205 - two hundreds and five, 7789 - seven thousand seven hundreds and eighty-nine, 9002 - nine thousand and two.
7 Ordinal numbers
Odinals tell about where an item is placed in some order, the first five ordinals are: first, second, third, fourth, fifth.
Other ordinals are made by the ending "-th", ex: sixth, eighty-seventh, one hundred and twentieth. This is my third car. You will be called in as the fifth one.
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